Egyptian H5N1 cases prompt speculation about silent infections

first_imgApr 8, 2009 (CIDRAP News) – The recent series of H5N1 avian influenza cases in Egyptian children yet very few in adults has raised concern that some Egyptians may be getting infected without getting sick, according to a Reuters news report published today.John Jabbour, a World Health Organization (WHO) emerging diseases specialist based in Cairo, said the Egyptian government and the WHO are planning a study to find out if subclinical or asymptomatic cases have been occurring, according to the story.Jabbour said the occurrence of asymptomatic cases would be worrisome because it could give the undetected virus more time to mutate in human hosts, Reuters reported.”If there is any subclinical case in Egypt, the aim is to treat immediately to stop the reproduction of the virus,” he told Reuters. “Because whether [through] mutation or reassortment, this will lead to the pandemic strain.”The story said that all but two of the 11 Egyptians infected with H5N1 this year have been children under age 3 (the official WHO count for Egypt reached 12 today). In the same period last year, most of the seven Egyptian case-patients were adults and older children, the report said.Jabbour said the string of cases in children without similar cases in adults had prompted the questions whether adults were being infected without falling ill.He said the Egyptian study would involve testing the blood of people who were potentially exposed to infected birds but had not gotten sick.Tim Uyeki, MD, a medical epidemiologist in the Influenza Division at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, told CIDRAP News that limited studies in several countries over the past few years have found relatively little serologic evidence of asymptomatic or unrecognized cases of H5N1 virus infection.When the H5N1 virus first infected humans in Hong Kong in 1997, there were two studies in which investigators looked for H5N1 antibodies in people who had potentially been exposed to the virus, Uyeki said. One study focused on 293 poultry cullers, of whom only nine (3%) were found to have H5N1 antibodies, indicating past infection. In the other study, involving 1,525 poultry workers, an estimated 10% had antibodies.More recent studies “have either found no evidence of H5N1 virus infection or very low seroprevalence of H5N1 antibodies, around 1% or less, among different exposed populations,” Uyeki said. “Since H5N1 virus strains continue to evolve, there’s a continued need for these studies in people who have contact with poultry in countries where H5N1 virus strains are circulating in birds, since the risk of transmission to exposed persons could change.”Uyeki also noted that subclinical infection with seasonal influenza virus is known to occur. “But how that relates to H5N1 is unclear,” he said.See also: Jan 25 2008 CIDRAP News story “Cambodian study hints at subclinical H5N1 cases”last_img read more

Juanfran Atleti are the club of my life I would like

first_imgAtletico Madrid full-back Juanfran hopes to renew his contract at the club that means the most to himThe former Real Madrid youth player has spent the last eight years with city rivals Atleti but will be out of contract at the end of this season.However, Juanfran remains a key member of the team and produced a great performance in their 1-0 La Liga win over Levante on Sunday.“Atleti are the club of my life, I would like to stay,” said Juanfran, according to Marca.“My hope is that the club renews me and that they still see me as a valuable player, who can put in a level of performance adequate of the team and our coach.Sergio Ramos, Real MadridZidane reveals Sergio Ramos injury concern for Real Madrid Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Zinedine Zidane has put Sergio Ramos’ availability for Real Madrid’s trip to Sevilla next weekend in doubt after withdrawing him against Levante.“I will never create a problem here regardless if whether I leave in the summer or in future years, this club will always mean the world to me.“I hope to do whatever the best thing is for the club and I am sure that Diego Godin and Filipe Luis will do the same, they care about the club like this too.“The players are never the most important thing about Atleti but I believe my presence here can benefit the team going forward.”Juanfran has made 325 appearances for Diego Simeone’s side across all competitions.The 34-year-old’s time at the Spanish capital has seen him win La Liga, Copa del Rey, Supercopa de España, Europa League (2x) and UEFA Super Cup (2x).last_img read more

Read How Mic Check Global Turned Out To Be A Massive Success

first_imgDarris Robins has been lately gaining a lot of popularity in the marketing industry. He has been an expert in writing and composing music since a very early age. However, things turned bad when it came to his education. He had to drop out of college due to the growing student loan debt in 2012. After leaving college, he amassed over $100K+ in student loan debt at the age of 19. This motivated the young guy to learn the business of music.Without having any job, his only source of income was to market his own music online. To everyone’s surprise, his music helped him establish his strong fan base and his peers offered him to be a freelance marketer for them. With getting an overwhelming response, he had been outsourced for business and simultaneously he also began his interview and vlog series with artists of his local town.Darris tasted success in the form of his own brand called Mic Check Global which he started in November 2013. It is a marketing agency that helps to build a strong social media presence of personalities and organizations with having a strong focus on the target audience and great sales. Later in 2015, Darris created Mic Check Global Films which focuses on visual branding content on social media.However, Mic Check Global got its first international office in Cebu, Philippines, in 2018 intending to build a strong business relationship with the people of Asia. Their new venture focuses on hiring brand team ambassadors, sponsoring artist development programs and encouraging intercontinental communication by expanding entertainment all over Asia. Moreover, it is the first American/Asian company which helps the emerging artists grow into full-time artists and entrepreneurs.Darris and his partners in Cebu have sponsored many students to attend private school. By this, he has been helping the students who face poverty and lack opportunities. By the year 2020, Darris has a target to sponsor more than 100 students. Since the last 5 years, his company, Mic Check Global has extended support to hundreds of unsigned independent artists in building their strong fan base. Their future plan is to help all the aspiring artists achieve their dreams by helping them in education and letting them know their true potential talent.IBT does not endorse any of the above content.last_img read more

Cuba to upgrade railways with Chinese Russian help

first_imgCuba`s Chinese-made first new train passenger cars move after departing from La Coubre train station in Havana, Cuba on 13 July. Photo: ReutersCuba’s first new train passenger cars in more than four decades set off on their maiden journey across the island on Saturday in what the government hopes will prove a total revamp of its decrepit railway system with help from allies Russia and China.Cuba’s railway system is one of the oldest in the world; its first stretch was launched in the 1830s. But it has suffered from a lack of maintenance and new equipment in an inefficient state-run economy under a crippling US trade embargo that lacks cash.Trains have for years been one of the cheapest but also least efficient ways to travel long distances on the Caribbean’s largest island, typically taking 24 hours to cross the nearly 900 km (600 miles) from Havana in the west to Santiago in the east – twice as long as by car.Tickets are often elusive, with the ramshackle infrastructure unable to cope with the demand, and trains do not run on schedule. Passengers, meanwhile, must contend with missing windows and doors, and cracked seats. Accidents have become increasingly common in recent years.But Cuba’s government is planning to change all that by 2030, starting with upgrading its equipment, before moving onto the more daunting task of restoring the railroads.In May it received 80 Chinese-made, gleaming blue rail cars, including those that set off eastwards from Havana on Saturday, and expects to receive 80 more next year, according to state-run website Cubadebate.”This is the first step of the transformation of the Cuban railway system,” said Eduardo Hernandez, head of the National Railway Co of Cuba.Reflecting market reforms of the centrally planned economy in the socialist country, the new rail cars are split into first and second class, with the former boasting air conditioning.”Cuba has not received new rail-cars since the 1970s,” Transport Minister Eduardo Rodriguez was quoted as saying by Cubadebate last month. “We had only received second hand cars.”While the new trains are expected to shave off some traveling time, they will require new or restored track to run at their full speed.Cuba has signed a deal worth almost $1 billion with Russia to modernize its railways, according to Interfax news agency, although details have not yet been released.In 2017, state-owned monopoly Russian Railways (RZD) told Reuters it was also negotiating to install a high-speed link between Havana and the beach resort of Varadero.Trains carried 6.1 million passengers in 2018, down from 10 million passengers in 2013, according to the statistics office.last_img